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  • 尹聪,兰丽茜,宋晓晓,陈默,严晋.黄河三角洲湿地发展概述及治理修复建议[J].海洋开发与管理,2024,41(2):110-114    
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黄河三角洲湿地发展概述及治理修复建议
尹聪,兰丽茜,宋晓晓,陈默,严晋
山东省海洋生态环境与防灾减灾重点实验室;自然资源部北海海洋技术中心
摘要:
黄河流域在我国经济社会发展和生态安全方面具有十分重要的地位,其下游的黄河三角洲分布有世界上暖温带保存最广阔、最完善、最年轻的滨海湿地生态系统,该区域特殊的地质地貌决定了其生态多样性,需要进行重点研究和保护。文章立足于我国现有湿地保护政策和湿地面积缩小的现状,提出黄河三角洲湿地保护可着重围绕其岸线变化、冲淤速率、地形地貌等开展研究,并采用减压分洪扩充法等治理修复方法扩大湿地面积,为推动黄河流域及黄河三角洲湿地的生态保护和高质量发展提供有效参考。
关键词:  湿地  黄河三角洲  湿地退化  湿地研究  治理修复
DOI:10.20016/j.cnki.hykfygl.2024.02.006
投稿时间:2023-06-12修订日期:2024-02-20
基金项目:山东省海洋生态环境与防灾减灾重点实验室开放基金项目“黄河三角洲湿地治理及保护策略研究——基于地质环境变化机制的分析”(202108).
Development Overview and Suggestions to Governance and Restoration on Wetland of the Yellow River Delta
YIN Cong,LAN Liqian,SONG Xiaoxiao,CHEN Mo,YAN Jin
Shandong Province Key Laboratory of Marine Ecological Environment and Disaster Prevention and Mitigation;North China Sea Ocean Technology Center,Ministry of Natural Resources
Abstract:
The Yellow River Valley holds a very important status on economic and social development as well as the ecological security of China. At the lower reaches of the Yellow River develops the Yellow River Delta where the widest, youngest and most perfect costal wetland ecosystem on the warm temperate zone of the world distributed. The Yellow River Delta boasts the unique geological landform which determines its ecological diversity, also with an important international significance for protection, so more meaningful studies and great protection should be implemented in this region. The paper based on the policies and regulations as well as the status quo of wetland area decreasing, put forward some issues on the study content, such as shoreline variation, erosion and deposition rate, geomorphology, as well as the restoration methods of decompression and diversion to expand the Yellow River Delta wetland, with the aim of providing effective reference to strengthen ecological protection and promoting high-quality development of the Yellow River Delta wetland and the Yellow River Valley as a whole.
Key words:  Wetland,Yellow River Delta,Wetland degradation,Wetland research,Governance and restoration