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  • 纪煌毅,胡毅.水下文物遗址保护与拖网渔业协调发展的问题及对策[J].海洋开发与管理,2024,41(2):89-95    
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水下文物遗址保护与拖网渔业协调发展的问题及对策
纪煌毅,胡毅
福州大学先进制造学院;自然资源部第三海洋研究所;福建省海洋物理与地质过程重点实验室
摘要:
水下文物遗址是人类文化遗产的重要组成部分,也是凝聚历史、科学、经济和文化价值的无价瑰宝。拖网捕捞作为最为广泛的渔业活动,会威胁和影响水下文物遗址的保护,因而有必要研究水下文物遗址与拖网捕捞之间的影响和作用关系,以及寻求水下文物遗址保护与拖网渔业利益之间的平衡。我国水下文物遗址保护与拖网渔业之间存在的问题包括水下文物遗址家底不清,拖网捕捞对水下文物遗址的影响研究亟须加强,相关保护管理有待完善等方面。通过注重教育、文旅协调、强化监管、夯实研究等措施,可为水下文物遗址保护与拖网渔业的协调发展提供参考。
关键词:  水下文物遗址  海洋渔业  拖网  文物保护
DOI:10.20016/j.cnki.hykfygl.20240305.001
投稿时间:2023-06-14修订日期:2024-02-26
基金项目:
Problems and Countermeasures of Coordinated Development of Underwater Cultural Relics Sites Protection and Trawl Fishery
JI Huangyi,HU Yi
School of Advanced Manufacturing,Fuzhou University;Third Institute of Oceanography,Ministry of Natural Resources;Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Physical and Geological Processes
Abstract:
Underwater cultural relics sites represent significant components of human cultural heritage, serving as invaluable repositories of historical, scientific, economic, and cultural significance. Given the pervasive impact of trawling as a predominant fishing practice, there exists a pressing need to investigate the interplay and implications of trawling on the preservation of underwater cultural relics sites. It is imperative to explore the intricate relationship between these sites and trawling activities, in order to strike a harmonious balance between protection underwater cultural relics sites and supporting the interests of trawling fisheries.The issues surrounding the protection of underwater cultural relics sites and trawling fishery in China encompass a lack of clarity regarding the historical background of underwater cultural relics sites, a pressing need to enhance research on the effects of trawl fishing on such sites, and a necessity to enhance protection and management efforts. By prioritizing education, coordinating efforts between cultural and tourism sectors, intensifying oversight, conducting comprehensive research, and implementing other measures, valuable insights can be gained to guide the harmonized advancement of underwater cultural relics sites protection and trawl fishery.
Key words:  Underwater cultural relics sites,Marine fisheries,Trawl,Cultural relics protection