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  • 柴小平,王智慧,孙毅,潘静芬,王益鸣,张捷,李武萍,张立.浙江省近岸海域环境功能区管理现状、问题及对策研究[J].海洋开发与管理,2024,41(2):80-88    
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浙江省近岸海域环境功能区管理现状、问题及对策研究
柴小平,王智慧,孙毅,潘静芬,王益鸣,张捷,李武萍,张立
浙江省海洋生态环境监测中心
摘要:
浙江省近岸海域环境功能区划在保护海域生态环境和调整海域资源开发利用等方面发挥着重要作用,已成为近岸海域环境监管的重要依据。然而在当前进一步优化国土空间规划和海洋经济高质量发展的新形势下,区划内容已明显滞后。文章梳理历年浙江省近岸海域环境功能区划编制、调整和监测的工作经验,研究管理过程中存在的主要问题,并在此基础上提出坚持生态优先底线约束原则、有序衔接浙江省国土空间规划、科学合理制订分类分区管控措施、有机融合涉海专项规划保护目标、基于陆海统筹合理认定管理边界等对策措施,以期为浙江省近岸海域环境功能区管理提供参考。
关键词:  近岸海域环境功能区  国土空间规划  陆海统筹
DOI:10.20016/j.cnki.hykfygl.2024.02.005
投稿时间:2023-06-02修订日期:2024-02-05
基金项目:浙江省生态环境厅专项项目(ZY-2022-00203);舟山市科技计划项目(2024C61004).
Current Status,Problems and Suggestions of Coastal Environment Function Zones Management in Zhejiang Province
CHAI Xiaoping,WANG Zhihui,SUN Yi,PAN Jingfen,WANG Yiming,ZHANG Jie,LI Wuping,ZHANG Li
Zhejiang Marine Ecology and Environment Monitoring Center
Abstract:
The coastal environment functional zoning in Zhejiang Province plays an important role in the protection of the coastal environment and the adjustment of the coastal resources exploitation and utilization, and has become an important basis for the coastal environment supervision. However, under the optimization of territorial spatial planning and high-quality development of marine economy, it has showed a significant lag. This paper analyzed its main problems through the experience of the coastal environment functional zoning in Zhejiang Province in compiling, adjusting, monitoring and evaluating. On this basis, policy recommendations for the management were put forward, including the important principle of ecological priority and bottom-line constraint, the orderly connection to the Zhejiang Province′s territorial spatial planning, the scientific control measures of different zones, the integration of various marine planning and protection objectives, and the sound management boundaries based on land-sea coordination.
Key words:  Coastal environment function zones,Territorial spatial planning,Land-sea coordination