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  • 姜秀敏,孙啸.中国海警海上行政执法困境及对策探析——以中国海警首起海洋生态公益诉讼案为例[J].海洋开发与管理,2024,41(2):71-79    
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中国海警海上行政执法困境及对策探析——以中国海警首起海洋生态公益诉讼案为例
姜秀敏,孙啸
海南大学
摘要:
海洋是高质量发展的战略要地,海洋生态环境保护是海洋可持续发展的保障。2018年调整组建中国海警局并由其统一履行海上维权执法职责。海上行政执法作为海上维权执法的重要组成部分,对于维护我国海洋权益和海上安全秩序发挥核心作用。文章基于中国海警首起海洋生态公益诉讼案,从海洋生态环境保护的视角出发,以《中华人民共和国海警法》和《中华人民共和国行政处罚法》等为理论依据,分析中国海警海上行政执法工作的现状及困境,提出进一步发展海上行政执法工作的对策,包括优化海上行政处罚快速办理程序、规范行使海上行政处罚自由裁量权、完善海上执法行政强制执行程序、提高科技管海能力以及加强区域合作,以期促进中国海警行政执法向高效率、规范化、专业化方向发展。
关键词:  海警法  中国海警局  海上行政执法  行政处罚
DOI:10.20016/j.cnki.hykfygl.2024.02.004
投稿时间:2023-08-16修订日期:2024-01-16
基金项目:海南省高等学校教育教学改革研究重点项目(HnjgY2022ZD-2);海南省社会科学规划项目“习近平新时代经略海洋思想及海南的生动实践研究”(HNSK(ZC)22-181);海南省马克思主义理论研究和建设工程专项课题项目“习近平关于海洋强国建设重要论述及海南的生动实践研究”(2023HNMGC03).
The Dilemma and Countermeasures of Maritime Administrative Law Enforcement of China Coast Guard:Take the first public interest lawsuit on marine ecology of China Coast Guard as an example
JIANG Xiumin,SUN Xiao
Hainan University
Abstract:
The ocean is a strategic location for high-quality development, and marine ecological environment protection is a guarantee for sustainable marine development. In 2018, China Coast Guard was reorganized and established to carry out maritime rights protection and law enforcement duties. As an important part of maritime rights protection law enforcement, maritime administrative law enforcement plays a core role in safeguarding the maritime rights and interests and maritime security order of China. Based on the first public interest lawsuit on marine ecology of China Coast Guard, this paper analyzed the current situation and predicament of China Coast Guard′s maritime administrative law enforcement work from the perspective of marine ecological environment protection, based on the theoretical basis of the Maritime Police Law of the People′s Republic of China and the Administrative Penalty Law of the People′s Republic of China, and put forward countermeasures for further development of maritime administrative law enforcement work. It included improving the rapid handling procedures of maritime administrative penalties, standardizing the exercise of the discretionary power of maritime administrative penalties, improving the administrative enforcement procedures of maritime law enforcement, enhancing the scientific and technological ability of sea control, and strengthening regional cooperation, so as to promote the administrative law enforcement of China Coast Guard to the direction of high efficiency, standardization and specialization.
Key words:  Maritime police law,China Coast Guard,Maritime administrative law enforcement,Administrative penalty