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  • 陈梦圆,秦传新,刘永,吴鹏,肖雅元,李纯厚.基于SWOT分析的南海区海洋牧场发展路径[J].海洋开发与管理,2023,40(9):117-127    
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基于SWOT分析的南海区海洋牧场发展路径
陈梦圆,秦传新,刘永,吴鹏,肖雅元,李纯厚
浙江海洋大学水产学院;农业农村部南海渔业资源开发利用重点实验室中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所;海南省深远海渔业资源高效利用与加工重点实验室三亚热带水产研究院
摘要:
海洋牧场作为修复海洋生态系统和实现渔业资源增殖的现代渔业模式,是促进海洋经济绿色发展、推动传统渔业转型升级和构筑海洋命运共同体中的重要一环。然而,在实际建设中存在多种制约现代海洋牧场高质量发展的因素。合理规划海洋牧场,充分发挥其生态、社会、经济效益,对海洋牧场持续发展至关重要。文章对南海区海洋牧场的建设、技术发展及政策管理现状进行了总结,并利用SWOT分析法对南海区海洋牧场的发展情况进行了综合分析,阐释了南海区海洋牧场发展存在的优势、劣势、机遇和挑战,并结合国内外海洋牧场建设的经验及发展趋势,提出了南海区海洋牧场产业发展的路径,以期为我国海洋牧场高质量发展提供借鉴。
关键词:  南海  海洋牧场  SWOT分析  人工鱼礁  增殖放流
DOI:10.20016/j.cnki.hykfygl.20231017.004
投稿时间:2022-10-08修订日期:2023-08-07
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFD0900803,2019YFD0901201,2019YFD0901204);广东省科技计划项目(2019B121201001);农业农村部财政专项项目(NFZX2021);中国水产科学研究院中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(2020TD16);中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(2021SD04).
Development Path of Marine Ranching in South China Sea Based on SWOT Analysis
CHEN Mengyuan,QIN Chuanxin,LIU Yong,WU Peng,XIAO Yayuan,LI Chunhou
College of Fisheries, Zhejiang Ocean University;Key Laboratory of South China Sea Fishery Resources Development & Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, South China Sea Fisheries Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences;Key Laboratory of Efficient Utilization and Processing of Marine Fishery Resources of Hainan Province,Sanya Tropical Fisheries Research Institute
Abstract:
As a modern fishery model to repair the marine ecosystem and realize the proliferation of fishery resources, marine ranching is an important link in promoting the green development of marine economy, promoting the transformation and upgrading of traditional fisheries and building a community of shared future for the sea. However, there are many factors restricting the high-quality development of modern marine ranching in the actual construction. Rational planning of marine ranching and giving full play to its ecological, social and economic benefits are crucial to the sustainable development of marine ranching. This paper summarizes the current situation of the construction, technical development and policy management of marine ranching in the South China Sea, and comprehensively analyzes the development of marine ranching in the South China Sea by using SWOT analysis method, explains the advantages, disadvantages, opportunities and challenges of marine ranching in the South China Sea, and puts forward the path for the development of marine ranching industry in the South China Sea based on the experience and development trend of marine ranching construction at home and abroad, It is expected to provide reference for the high-quality development of marine ranching in China.
Key words:  South China Sea, Marine ranching,SWOT analysis, Artificial reef,Stock enhancement