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  • 刘晓璐,姜峰,张盼,王鹏,林霞,闫吉顺.高质量发展下用海效益评估方法研究——以台州市为例[J].海洋开发与管理,2023,40(9):105-109    
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高质量发展下用海效益评估方法研究——以台州市为例
刘晓璐,姜峰,张盼,王鹏,林霞,闫吉顺
国家海洋环境监测中心;自然资源部海洋空间资源管理技术重点实验室;浙江海洋科学院
摘要:
实际用海效益包括海域资源在生产过程中产生的直接经济收益和生态环境系统的负面效应,文章通过建立海洋高质量用海效益评估模型反映和量化实际用海效益,并将该模型在台州市海域应用,研究结果发现,台州市涉海县、市、区中椒江区实际单位用海效益最高为68.85万元/hm2,玉环市最低为4.02万元/ hm2。原因在于椒江区不仅其海域资源价值表现良好,而且生态环境损害程度得到了有效控制。从而得出,海洋经济高质量发展绝对不是海域资源过度使用,也不是海洋生态环境的绝对保护,两者是相互统一、相互协调的,保证海域资源使用价值保值增值是海洋经济合理运行的基础,保护海洋生态环境系统是海域资源使用价值保值增值的根本,这是引导海洋经济高质量发展的重要路径。
关键词:  高质量发展  用海效益  海洋生态环境损害  资源发展  协调发展
DOI:10.20016/j.cnki.hykfygl.2023.09.007
投稿时间:2023-01-29修订日期:2023-08-07
基金项目:自然资源部海洋空间资源管理技术重点实验室开放基金项目“基于自然资源价值理论的海洋产业高质量发展模式研究; 国家自然科学基金项目(41801195); 大连市青年科技之星(2020RQ021).
Research on the Evaluation Method of Sea Use Benefit in High-quality Development: Taking Taizhou as an example
LIU Xiaolu,JIANG Feng,ZHANG Pan,WANG Peng,LIN Xia,YAN Jishun
National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center;Ministry of Natural Resources Key Laboratory of Marine Spatial Resource Management Technology ;Marine Academy of Zhejiang Province
Abstract:
The actual sea use benefits include the direct sea resources economic benefits in the process of production and the negative effects of the ecological environment system. This paper reflects and quantifies the actual sea use benefit by constructing an evaluation model of high-quality sea use benefit which is applied in the sea area of Taizhou City. The result shows that among the marine counties and municipalities, the actual unit sea use benefit of Jiaojiang District is the highest which is 688 500 yuan / hectare, and Yuhuan City is the lowest which is 40 200 yuan / hectare, the reason is that in Jiaojiang District, the sea use resource value does well and the ecological environment damage is effectively controlled. It is concluded that neither the excessive use nor the absolute protection is the high-quality development model of marine economy. They were united and harmonized each other. Maintaining and increasing the value of marine resource is the basis of the marine rational economy operation. Protecting the marine ecological environment system is the foundation for the maintaining and increasing of the marine resource value, which is an important path to guide the high-quality development of marine economy.
Key words:  High-quality development, Sea use benefit,Marine ecological environment damage, Resource development, Coordinated development