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  • 张彭辉,杜建平,吴帅,程文华,侯健,孔祥峰,张丽.海洋环境大数据系统建设研究进展[J].海洋开发与管理,2021,38(11):104-112    
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海洋环境大数据系统建设研究进展
张彭辉,杜建平,吴帅,程文华,侯健,孔祥峰,张丽
中国船舶集团有限公司第七二五研究所海洋腐蚀与防护重点实验室;西南技术工程研究所;齐鲁工业大学(山东省科学院) 山东省科学院海洋仪器仪表研究所
摘要:
海洋环境大数据是诸多学科研究领域的基础,也是实施海洋强国战略和建设海洋强国奋斗目标的先决条件。文章从全球海洋环境观测计划及系统出发,探讨现阶段全球海洋环境大数据观测、国家数据库建设、数据质控方法以及数据应用现状,阐明了海洋环境大数据在国家发展中的重要性,客观地分析了目前海洋环境大数据发展在基础设施、数据处理及数据质控能力建设等方面面临的关键问题与挑战,以期为将来海洋环境大数据在多尺度、多学科、多行业的深入发展与深度融合提供可靠的资料与建议。
关键词:  海洋环境监测  大数据  数据质控  数据应用
DOI:
基金项目:西南技术工程研究所合作基金项目(WZDW592019020201);山东省自然科学基金(ZR2019BD044);山东省科学院国际合作项目(2019GHPY15).
Research Progress on the Construction of Marine Environment Big Data System
ZHANG Penghui,DU Jianping,WU Shuai,CHENG Wenhua,HOU Jian,KONG Xiangfeng,ZHANG Li
State key laboratory for marine corrosion and protection,Luoyang ship material research institute;Institute of Oceanographic Instrumentation, Qilu University of Technology (Shandong Academy of Sciences)
Abstract:
Big data on the marine environment is the foundation of many disciplines and research fields, and it is also a prerequisite for implementing the strategy of a maritime power and the goal of building a maritime power. Starting from the global marine environment observation plan and system, this paper discussed the current global marine environment big data observation, national database construction, data quality control methods and data application status, clarified the importance of marine environment big data in national development, and objectively analyzed the key issues and challenges on capacity building of infrastructure, data processing and quality control faced by the current development of marine environmental big data, to provide reliable information and suggestions for the in-depth development and in-depth integration of marine environmental big data in multi-scale, multi-disciplinary, and multi-industry in the future.
Key words:  Marine environment monitoring, Big data, Data quality control, Data application