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  • 刘瀚仁,汤雁滨,刘清河,廖一波,寿鹿,曾江宁,陈全震.藤壶亚目物种的系统发育学研究进展[J].海洋开发与管理,2021,38(11):97-103    
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藤壶亚目物种的系统发育学研究进展
刘瀚仁,汤雁滨,刘清河,廖一波,寿鹿,曾江宁,陈全震
自然资源部第二海洋研究所自然资源部海洋生态系统动力学重点实验室
摘要:
藤壶亚目是目前为止海洋生物群落中种类最丰富和最重要的类群之一,也是海洋污损生物的重要组成部分,主要分布于岩石潮间带栖息地、深海热液口,有的物种会附着在红树林植物、动物和人工构筑物上。文章综述了藤壶亚目的起源以及分类系统的建立和发展,认为藤壶亚目在下白垩纪从有柄目分化而来,其中篱藤壶科(小藤壶总科)是最早分化出的一支,而后逐渐分化为星板藤壶总科、厚藤壶总科、鲸藤壶总科、笠藤壶总科、小藤壶总科和藤壶总科6支;总结了国内藤壶亚目的研究进展;比较了藤壶亚目系统发育学的研究方法;展望了未来的研究方向,即结合形态学方法与分子系统学方法研究藤壶亚目物种的系统发育关系,为今后研究藤壶亚目物种的分类及防治等工作提供借鉴和帮助。
关键词:  系统发育学  无柄目  藤壶亚目  分子系统学  污损生物
DOI:
基金项目:
The Phylogeography Study Progress of Balanomorpha Species
LIU Hanren,TANG Yanbin,LIU Qinghe,LIAO Yibo,SHOU Lu,ZENG Jiangning,CHEN Quanzhen
Second Institute of Oceanography, MNR, Key Laboratory of Marine Ecosystem Dynamics
Abstract:
Balanomorpha, which is one of the most abundant and important group of marine communities, the species are mainly distributed in intertidal habitats, deep sea hydrothermal vents, some species are attached to mangrove plants, animals or artificial structures. This paper reviewed the origin of Balanomorpha, and the establishment and development of it’s taxonomy. Balanomorpha was differentiated from Pedunculata in Cretaceous, then gradually differentiated into Chionelasmatoidea, Pachylasmatoidea, Coronuloidea, Tetraclitoidea, Chthamaloidea, Balanoidea. And then, we summarized the domestic research progress of Balanomorpha, compared the study methods for the phylogeny of Balanomorpha, and looked forward to the future research direction, combining with morphology characteristics and molecular phylogenetic methods, to study the relationships of Balanomorpha, which could provide reference and help for the future study of taxology and prevention of Balanomorpha.
Key words:  Phylogeny, Sesilia, Balanomorpha, Molecular phylogeny, Fouling organisms