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  • 马琛,余静,胡超,孟帅,宋雨薇.日照万平口沙滩质量评价及“蓝旗沙滩”建设建议[J].海洋开发与管理,2021,38(9):88-94    
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日照万平口沙滩质量评价及“蓝旗沙滩”建设建议
马琛,余静,胡超,孟帅,宋雨薇
中国海洋大学海洋与大气学院;中国海洋大学海洋发展研究院;山东省科技资讯中心有限公司
摘要:
沙滩质量评价是有效的沙滩管理工具。“蓝旗”标准是目前世界上认可度最高的沙滩评价标准。文章基于“蓝旗”标准,根据国内外已有沙滩质量评价体系,结合实地调研和问卷调查,构建适用于万平口沙滩的质量评价体系。评价结果表明:(1)万平口环境因素、安全与教育和环境管理准则层评价结果均为良好,社会因素准则层达到优质等级,说明万平口风景区作为旅游地,其气候条件适宜,服务水平和安全及教育水平都较为发达。(2)万平口沙滩的自然条件本底优良,是最能体现日照“蓝天、碧海、金沙滩”的特色景区。但由于自然及人为因素造成的沙滩侵蚀退化现象严重,影响了沙滩的可持续发展。根据评价结果及万平口与“蓝旗沙滩”的对比差异,认为万平口建设“蓝旗沙滩”,需要完善景区水质监测、加强景区内及周边环境管理、重视沙滩养护、完善基础设施的投放、进一步提高景区的服务水平、重视景区内安全保障及加强景区的宣传,提高公众对“蓝旗”的认知度。
关键词:  沙滩质量评价  “蓝旗”标准  日照万平口  评价体系  沙滩管理
DOI:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金联合基金项目(U1706215),多重人为压力下莱州湾生态环境的演变趋势和调控原理.
Beach Quality Rating and Suggestions on Construction of Blue Flag of Wanpingkou Beach of Rizhao
MA Chen,YU Jing,HU Chao,MENG Shuai,SONG Yuwei
College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Science, Ocean University of China;College of Oceanic and Atmospheric Science, Ocean University of China; Institute of Marine Development of Ocean University of China;Shandong Science and Technology Consulting Center Co.,LTD.
Abstract:
Beach quality rating is an effective tool for beach management. Blue Flag Campaign is currently the most recognized beach rating standard in the world. Based on Blue Flag and existing beach quality rating systems at home and abroad, combined with field investigation and questionnaires, this paper set up a rating system applicable for Wanpingkou beach. The results showed that: 1) The environment, safety and education and environmental management of Wanpingkou Scenic Area was comparatively good, and the social factors were relatively advanced, indicating that Wanpingkou, as a tourist destination, boasted agreeable climate and well developed service, safety and education. 2) The natural conditions of Wanpingkou Beach were so excellent that it could best demonstrate the characteristics of Clear Sky, Blue Sea and Golden Beach. However, beach degradation and erosion caused by natural and human factors had seriously affected the sustainable development of Wanpingkou beach. According to the results and the differences between Wanpingkou and Blue Flag beach, it was suggested that Wanpingkou Scenic Area needed to improve the monitoring of water quality, strengthen the environmental management in and around the area, attach importance to beach maintenance, and strengthen the construction of infrastructure. In addition, service level, safety assurance, publicity and public’s recognition of the Blue Flag were also significant aspects.
Key words:  Beach quality rating, Blue Flag Criteria, Wanpingkou Beach, Rating system, Beach management